Many non-native species occur in this habitat due to habitat disturbances from mining and farming practices of the past. The open canopy layer often features sparce numbers of white spruce, hemlock, trembling and large-toothed aspens, black cherry, balsam fir, yellow birch, wire birch, American beech, white ash, eastern larch, common juniper and white pine. Shadbush, speckled alder, red osier dogwood, American hawthorn, chokecherry, shepherdia, and beaked willow predominate in the shrub layer under the tall canopy. Yellow lady’s slipper, ram’s head lady’s slipper, asters, sedges, white and red baneberries, wild sarsaparilla, spotted touch-me-not, goldenrods and a variety of fern species are common species of the herb layer.
Other wildlife in this woodland include deer mouse, red-backed vole, masked and short-tailed shrews, and red squirrel. Birds include warblers, chickadee, junco, thrushes and white-throated sparrow.